List of Acronyms

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Markakis, John, Schlee, Günther and Young, John (2021). List of Acronyms. In: The Nation State: A Wrong Model for the Horn of Africa. Berlin: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften.

ALF: Afar Liberation Front

ANDM: Amhara National Democratic Movement

ANDP: Afar National Democratic Party

ANLM: Afar National Liberation Movement

APDO: Afar People’s Democratic Organisation

ARCSS: Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan

ARDUF: Afar Revolutionary Democratic United Front

AU: African Union

AVA: Awash Valley Authority

CPA: Comprehensive Peace Agreement

CPSU: Communist Party of the Soviet Union

CVE: Countering Violent Extremism

DDR: Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration

DIU: Dams Implementation Unit

DUP: Democratic Unionist Party

EIJM: Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement

ELF: Eritrean Liberation Front

EPDM: Ethiopian People’s Democratic Movement

EPLF: Eritrean People’s Liberation Front

EPRDF: Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front

EPRP: Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Party

ESC: Ethiopian Sugar Corporation

ESM: Ethiopian Student Movement

FLCS: Front de la Libération de la Côte Somalie

FRUD: Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy

GNU: Government of National Unity

GoSS: Government of South Sudan

GTP: Growth and Transformation Plan

GWOT: Global War on Terror

IDPs: internally displaced persons

IGAD: Inter-Governmental Authority for Development

IMF: International Monetary Fund

ISEN: Institute for the Study of Ethiopian Nationalities

JIC: Joint Islamic Courts

MLLT: Marxist-Leninist League of Tigray

MOARD: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

NCP: National Congress Party

NDA: National Democratic Alliance

NGO: Non-Governmental Organization

NIF: National Islamic Front

OLF: Oromo Liberation Front

OPDO: Oromo People’s Democratic Organisation

OTI: Office of Transitional Initiatives

PDRE: People’s Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

SAF: Sudanese Armed Forces

SAPs: Structural Adjustment Programs

SCP: Sudanese Communist Party

SEPDF: Southern Ethiopia People’s Democratic Front

SNL: Somali National League

SNM: Somali National Movement

SNNP: Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples

SPLA: Sudan People’s Liberation Army

SPLA-N: Sudan People’s Liberation Army-North

SPLM: Sudan People’s Liberation Movement

SPLM/A: Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army

SPLM-IO: Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition

SPLM-N: Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North

SPRP: Somali People’s Revolutionary Party

SRC: Somali Revolutionary Council

SSDF: South Sudan Defense Forces

SSLA: South Sudan Liberation Army

SSR: Soviet Socialist Republic

SSU: Sudanese Socialist Union

SYL: Somali Youth League

TFG: Transitional Federal Government

TPLF: Tigray People’s Liberation Front

UN: United Nations

UPDF: Ugandan People’s Defense Force

USSR: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

WPE: Workers Party of Ethiopia

WPPE: Working People’s Party of Ethiopia

WSLF: Western Somalia Liberation Front

WTO: World Trade Organization